Whilst the most popular time to visit Scotland is the summer months, there is plenty to do if you visit Scotland in winter.
We’ve travelled throughout Scotland in winter, and with a bit of preparation and planning, a visit at this time of year will reward you with quieter and less crowded attractions (with some notable exceptions!) and wintery landscapes in the Scottish Highlands.
In this post we’re going to go through some of the many highlights and reasons to visit Scotland in winter, including some of our favourite things to do in winter, as well as some tips for preparing for a winter visit to Scotland. Let’s get started!
Table of Contents
Things to do in Scotland in Winter
First, we want to go through some of our favourite activities in Scotland in winter. Some of these are exclusive to the winter time, others can be enjoyed year round.
Scotland is home to five outdoor ski resorts, found in the more mountainous regions of the country. These include three resorts in the Cairngorms National Park, and one in the beautiful Glen Coe valley.
There are also a number of other artificial ski slopes in the UK, but if you want real snow, the ski resorts in Scotland are the only place in the UK to come for ski slopes with real snow.
Whilst the mountains in Scotland are not as high as those you might find in say the Swiss Alps or the Colorado Rockies, there is certainly good skiing or snowboarding to be had, with all the resorts offering everything you might expect, including well groomed slopes and ski lifts.
Generally, the ski resorts in Scotland are open from around December through to April, but this will depend greatly on the weather conditions and snowfall. February is generally the month with the most reliable snow cover.
We have a full guide to all the skiing in Scotland, plus a detailed overview of our experience skiing on Cairngorm Mountain, to help you plan your own Scottish skiing adventure!
Attend Hogmanay or the Christmas Markets
If you’re visiting Scotland in December over the Christmas and New Years Eve periods, then you might want to look into the many events and activities that happen around this time.
Many of the cities and towns across Scotland host some sort of Christmas event, which may be anything from festive Christmas light shows through to Christmas markets.
In Edinburgh for example, the Edinburgh Botanic Gardens is often festooned with a special light display, and the Edinburgh Christmas Markets run from the end of November through to the beginning of January. See more about what’s on in our guide to Edinburgh at Christmas.
If you happen to be in Scotland for New Years Eve, you are definitely in for a treat. New Years Eve, known as Hogmanay in Scotland, is a massive event here, with a wide range of events happening across the country.
Certainly one of the most popular places to be for Hogmanay is Edinburgh, which hosts one of the world’s largest New Year’s Eve celebrations. This includes a massive street party, traditional Scottish dances, performances from musicians and street performers, and a huge fireworks display over the castle to mark the event.
There’s also a huge torchlight procession through the streets of Edinburgh on the 30th of December, as well as the annual Loony Dook on the first day of the New Year, as well as a number of other events. If you plan on visiting, check out our detailed guide to Hogmanay in Edinburgh. You might also consider taking a Christmas themed walk with a local!
Take a Wintery Road Trip
We love road tripping in Scotland in winter. There are far fewer cars on the roads, accommodation prices (especially for high end castle properties like this) are incredibly reasonable, and the scenery is just as spectacular.
Other advantages are the wonderful light, and your chances for seeing some wildlife like deer are increased, as they come down from the high mountains to find food that isn’t covered in snow.
Of course, there are a few things to be aware of. Roads can be icy or snow-filled (especially in the mountainous areas and up north), and the hours of daylight are much shorter, giving you less time to fit everything in. So you will have to plan accordingly and you will want to be flexible.
Also note that many attractions outside of the larger cities close during the winter or have reduced winter hours. So keep this in mind when considering when you want to visit and in your trip planning.
With proper planning though, a road trip in Scotland in winter is definitely worth considering. We’ve driven the North Coast 500 in winter, as well as the Cairngorms, the Isle of Skye,, and the North East 250.
We usually carry snow chains in our car (we’ve not had to use them yet!) if heading to northern Scotland. Then it’s just a question of planning the itinerary so we don’t go too quickly, and checking for hotels that are open, as many are closed through the winter months. We have been snowed in once, but as we had a flexible schedule, we just ended up staying an extra night where we were.
Here’s an example of a 1 week NC500 itinerary that you might enjoy following over winter.
Cosy Up in a Far Flung Hideaway or Castle
If there’s one thing we love about Scotland, it’s the huge amount of wilderness and the potential it has for a romantic escape. We’ve travelled all around Scotland and stayed in some gorgeous properties, from romantic castles to cosy cottages.
It’s worth bearing in mind that some of the more remote properties aren’t open all through the winter. We recommend looking at listings on booking.com, Sykes Holiday Cottages, or Plum Guide to get started.
We also have a comprehensive guide to the best websites for booking holiday cottages in the UK for lots more ideas!
If you miss Hogmanay or the Christmas Markets, fret not. There are lots of other festivals through the winter months in Scotland.
In Scotland in January for example, Burns Night is celebrated. This celebrates the life of Scotland’s most famous poet, Robert, or “Rabbie” Burns, and is held on the 25th January each year – the birthday of the poet.
The festivities vary, but the most common celebration is an evening meal, which will feature readings of poetry, traditional Scottish food, and traditional Scottish dancing. Various locations across Scotland hold different events at this time, from formal dining at locations like Prestonfield House through to festivals like the Dumfries Big Burns Supper.
See our full guide to celebrating Burns Night in Scotland, which has lots of events and information to help you plan.
Other festivals including the Up Helly Aa viking festival in the Shetland Islands at the end of January, and the celebrations of Scotland’s Patron Saint, St. Andrew, on the 30th November.
Do some Winter Activities
If skiing or snowboarding doesn’t float your boat, there are plenty more opportunities for winter fun in Scotland.
For example, in the Cairngorms National Park you can go sledging at a variety of locations, and even go snowshoeing.
Across Scotland, there are a wide variety of options for wintery activities, from ice climbing to winter mountaineering. If this sounds like your sort of thing, we recommend getting in touch with Tim from Hamlet Mountaineering, who should be able to arrange something fun to do! You can read our experience of a hike up Suilven and overnight camping trip here.
Or, you could just go for a nice walk and enjoy the snowy landscapes. Whatever works for you!
Take in Scotland’s Cities
With the notable exception of the period over Christmas and New Year, visiting Scotland’s cities in winter will reward you with a quieter experience. This will let you enjoy all the attractions they have on offer, but with fewer fellow visitors around you.
In our experience, most of the major attractions in Scotland’s cities remain open throughout the year, and of course there are plentiful restaurants, shops and cafes as well. The colder weather won’t matter so much if you spend your time indoors, and if you visit in the run up to Christmas, you’ll be able to appreciate the pretty Christmas lights as well.
As examples of popular attractions that are open year round, but which are generally much less busy in the winter, there’s Edinburgh Castle and the Royal Yacht Britannia. These are some of Scotland’s most popular attractions, with millions of visitors a year, and winter will be a much quieter time to visit.
Another popular activity in Scotland is a cruise on Loch Ness, and these also run year-round. This can be done as a day trip from Inverness, Glasgow or Edinburgh. See our guide to visiting Loch Ness for more information.
Of course, you’ll want to be sure that any holidays don’t affect operating hours. The major holidays at this time of year are the 25th and 26th of December, and the 1st and 2nd of January. It’s also worth being aware that school holidays, Christmas and New Year are generally busier times in Scotland’s larger cities.
The three cities we’d recommend for the most attractions open year-round are Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Aberdeen. But you’ll also find things to do year-round in other cities such as Inverness, Dundee, Stirling, and Fort William.
These cities also make for a good base to explore the surrounding areas, especially if you are visiting Scotland without a car. We have guides to the best day trips from the major cities in Scotland if that sounds of interest to you, including:
- The best day trips from Edinburgh
- The best day trips from Inverness
- The best day trips from Aberdeen
- The best day trips from Glasgow
We also have some guides to visiting Scotland’s major cities, including things to do in Edinburgh, things to do in Glasgow and things to do in Aberdeen, which will get you started with planning your adventure.
Take a Whisky Tasting Tour
What could be more Scottish than sipping a whisky (preferably by a roaring fire), whilst the winter weather howls at the door? Pretty much nothing.
Even if, like Jess, you’re not a huge fan of whisky, we would suggest that a whisky tasting tour is still an essential part of any visit to Scotland, and you can read about our experience taking a whisky tour from Edinburgh here.
When you visit one of the distilleries, you’ll learn all about the way that whisky is made, what makes Scotch whisky so special, the different varieties and flavour profiles of whisky in Scotland, and of course, you’ll get to try some of the good stuff.
There are a wide range of whisky tours you can take in Scotland, which range from day trips like this to multi-day experiences like this.
Another option, if you’re in Edinburgh and don’t want to commit to a day out, is to visit the Scotch Whisky Experience on the Royal Mile. This will take you on a journey through all of Scotland’s whisky distilling areas, teach you all about how whisky is made, and even take a look at the largest Scotch whisky collection in the world before sampling a dram of the good stuff.
There are also a number of whisky walking tours in Edinburgh like this one. You can also see more here.
Hunt the Northern Lights
You might not know this, but it is actually possible to see the Northern Lights, or Aurora Borealis, from Scotland. Of course, you have to be fairly lucky – there needs be a strong enough solar storm to make the lights visible this far south, and the skies have to be clear.
If these two factors happen to come together (this does happen rarely!), then you may be rewarded with a spectacular display. The Northern Lights have been seen in Scotland as far south as Edinburgh and the Scottish borders region, so you don’t even need to head to the far north of the country – although your chances of seeing them are much higher if you go further north.
In addition, as the population density in the northern parts of Scotland is much lower, there is far less light pollution. Along the north coast of Scotland and in the highland regions in particular there is very little artificial light, meaning the views of the night skies are pretty stunning.
Even if you don’t get to see the Northern Lights themselves, if you are lucky enough to have a clear night you will be rewarded with gorgeous views of the stars.
Take Advantage of the Winter Light for Photography
One thing that we love about travelling in Scotland in winter is how wonderful the light can be for photography. Whilst the days are shorter, the sun stays low in the sky, meaning that it’s pretty much golden hour all day.
If you happen to be lucky enough to have a little bit of dramatic cloud cover, but not so much as to obscure the sun, then you could end up with some really stunning photos.
There’s no shortage of fantastic photography locations in Scotland to take advantage of the light. Some of our favourite locations to shoot include Glencoe, these photography location on the North Coast 500, and these photo spots on the Isle of Skye.
For some tips for shooting at this time of year, see our guide to cold weather and winter photography.
Planning Advice for Visiting Scotland in Winter
Hopefully all of the above have given you some inspiration for planning your winter trip to Scotland. Now, to help you prepare for your trip, we wanted to give you some planning advice so you can make the most of your adventure.
When is Winter in Scotland?
Officially, the Scottish winter runs from the 21st of December through to the 20th March. However, you will usually experience wintery conditions from late October through to early March in our experience.
Weather in Scotland in Winter
Despite its northerly latitude Scotland has a relatively mild climate year round. This means you don’t get temperatures far below freezing in winter, or much above 25C / 77F in summer.
That said, winter in Scotland can certainly be cold, especially if the wind is blowing from the north, which can make the perceived temperature much lower. Snow in the lowlands is possible but uncommon, whilst in the Scottish highlands snow is more likely from December through to March. Rain is also a possibility throughout winter as well.
Temperature wise, from December to March you can expect temperatures in the range of just below freezing to around 12C / 53F.
What to Pack and Wear in Scotland in Winter
As you see from the above, you can expect a range of weather conditions in Scotland in winter! As such, our advice is to pack a variety of lightweight layers that you can put on and take off as the conditions change.
We would suggest thermal base layers for the coldest days, a fleece mid-layer, and, perhaps most importantly, a warm coat. Qualities to look out for in a coat include wind and water proofing.
We would also suggest you bring a warm hat and a warm scarf, as well as a good pair of hiking pants. We have a guide to travel scarves here if you need some more inspiration!
Gloves are super important for keeping your hands warm. I use these which are specifically designed for photography, with a warm merino wool lining and magnetic finger caps.
For rain – we advise a rainproof jacket with hood or bring a poncho or very sturdy umbrella that can withstand wind. If hiking, bring a waterproof cover for your pack and gear.
For footwear, if you’re planning on hiking, then a sturdy pair of shoes are recommended, and we’d generally recommend waterproof shoes anyway as wet feet can quickly make a day miserable.
If you’re visiting Scotland from outside the UK, you are likely going to need a travel adaptor like this so you can plug your devices in. See more on travel adapters and how to choose one for your trip in our guide to the best travel adapters.
If you’re like us and have a lot of electronic gear, we suggest you travel with a power strip like this, which you can plug into your adaptor.
This might seem obvious, but it’s worth remembering that Scotland in winter has far fewer hours of daylight than Scotland in summer.
For example, in mid December, you only get seven hours between sunrise and sunset. This is important to keep in mind if you are planning a road trip or other activities that are best done in the daylight. Our advice for this sort of trip is to reduce the number of things you try to do each day, and try to avoid driving at night if you can, as you’ll miss out on the scenery that you came here to see!
Driving in Scotland in winter is definitely a different experience to driving in summer. In the northern parts of the country, and especially the highlands, snow is not uncommon, and icy conditions can make roads dangerous to drive on. Deer and other animals are also common on the roads after dark.
We’re not saying you shouldn’t drive in Scotland in winter, but you should definitely drive to the conditions, and stick to the more major roads where possible, which are more likely to have been treated for snow and ice. For more advice, see our guide to driving in the UK.
If you’d rather not drive yourself, there are plenty of group and private tours available in Scotland year-round. Our favorite company Rabbies is based in Edinburgh and offers day trip and multi-day trips throughout Scotland. Tours are often not full this time of year so it’s a good time to take one.
Where to Stay in Scotland in Winter
Finding accommodation in the major Scottish cities in winter shouldn’t be a problem, as the majority of the hotel and other accommodation options are open year round. The only time of year where accommodation becomes a bit harder to find in the cities is around New Years Eve, particularly in Edinburgh, where the city becomes very busy. See Edinburgh’s listings on booking.com here.
The story is a bit different when you head out of the cities, and particularly into the highlands of Scotland or the North Coast 500 driving route.
In these regions, a lot of properties have traditionally closed over the winter periods, especially the B&B’s and smaller guesthouses. This is either because they are unable to get staff, or because there hasn’t been enough visitors at this time of year to make opening.
This presents the traveller with both challenge and opportunity. The challenge is to find properties that are open. The opportunity is that many hotels offer incredible deals at this time of year – especially the higher end properties that stay open year round.
As examples of some hotels we’ve stayed at for fantastic deals in the winter months, take a look at Inverlochy Castle near Fort William or Bunchrew House near Inverness. Otherwise, it’ll just be a question of putting your dates in to booking.com and planning ahead. We know that one of our favourite B&B’s on the North Coast 500 is open year round for example.
For more interesting accommodation options, take a look at either Plum Guide or AirBnB.
Plum Guide doesn’t have quite so many choices, but they carefully curate their listings so their options tend to be of a very high quality whilst still being available at a range of price points. See their listings for Scotland here.
We’ve also used AirBnB all around the world, and they consistently have the most options to choose from. See their listings for Scotland here.
If you can’t find what you want from the above choices, or you want some new options to try out, we wrote a whole post on the best alternatives to AirBnB which you should check out. We also have a guide to holiday cottages in the UK for specific UK focused options.
Hopefully this post has given you some ideas of what to do in Scotland in winter! To help you further plan your trip we have written a number of other posts about travelling in Scotland and the wider UK. Here are some to get you started.
- For Edinburgh, we have a guide to winter in Edinburgh, as well as guides to Hogmanay in Edinburgh, Christmas in Edinburgh, and a general guide to things to do in Edinburgh
- For Glasgow, we have a guide to things to do in Glasgow, a suggested 2 day Glasgow itinerary, and a guide to our favourite day trips from Glasgow
- We also have a guide to things to do in Aberdeen and the best day trips from Inverness
- If you’re looking for road trip inspiration, we have a Skye and Highlands itinerary, a guide to the North Coast 500, a 3 day North East 250 road trip itinerary and a 5 day NC500 itinerary to get you started!
- We have a detailed guide to visiting Glen Coe which has everything you need to plan your trip
- We also have lots of content across the wider UK, including a 2 week UK road trip itinerary, a guide to visiting Oxford, a 3 day London itinerary and lots more!
- For general planning information, see our guide to the cost of travel in the UK, as well as our guide to driving in the UK.
- Finally, if you would like a guidebook for your trip, we recommend the Rick Steves Scotland guide
And that’s it! As always, we’d love to hear your questions and feedback about this post, or travelling in Scotland in general. Just use the comments section below, and we’ll get back to you as soon as we can!
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Debbie Allen says
Love reading about your travels. Can I please ask a question? We’re travelling to Scotland in December and will be in Edinburgh for Hogmanay. It’s part of a larger European trip for our family of 5, kids aged 22, 17 and 12. We’ll have an extra 4 days and were hoping to see the Highlands but I’m unsure about where to base ourselves pending the unpredictable weather! I currently have Inverness and Dunkeld booked to use as a base but obviously need to pick one. What would be your recommendation pls? We’re from Australia so driving on the left is no problem. Snow and ice might be though! Thanks so much
Laurence Norah says
Thanks very much 🙂
My recommendation would be to book Inverness – it’s an excellent base for a number of day trips, including Loch Ness, Fort George, the Black Isle, Cairngorm national park and so on. We actually have a guide to day trips from Inverness for some ideas. Plus the city has lots of places to eat and some indoor attractions (although you’ll want to check opening hours over Christmas). Have a wonderful time!
Meghan Macer says
Hi there, we hope you can help!! My husband and I would like to take our 4 boys (ages 3-13) to Scotland for Christmas. We only require 3 things within a close proximity to a holiday let: snow, otters and a good pub. Of course, we’re not afraid to journey out and drive for adventure. We’ve been searching and are definitely overwhelmed with narrowing down. PLEASE HELP!!!!!!!
Laurence Norah says
I will certainly try 🙂 My instinctive reaction as soon as I read your comment was to suggest the Cairngorms National Park. This is where you are likely to find the most reliable snow in Scotland (although it is by no means guaranteed unfortunately). Otters are of course tricky, but the Cairngorms are a good place for a chance. We can recommend a company called Speyside Wildlife who do tours, but please don’t get your hopes too high for otters. That said, red squirrels, badger etc are more of a possibility. There’s even a reindeer herd – can’t get more Christmas than that! Naturally there are also plenty of pubs!
Glencoe / Fort William area is another option, but I’d focus on the Cairngorms if I were you.
Let me know if this helps 🙂
Meghan Macer says
Thanks very much! Ok- I also have a budding astronomer who has mentioned the Northern Lights. I’m also googling the heck out of this… any recommendations? Northern lights plus snow and a toy otter might just tick all the boxes!!
Laurence Norah says
My pleasure! So the northern lights can be seen in Scotland, but they are pretty rare! I’ve only seen them myself a couple of times over three years – the problem is getting the right combination of clear skies and activity is difficult. But the Cairngorms would be a good location as they are relatively far north and there isn’t much light pollution 🙂 I wouldn’t plan around seeing them though!
Robert Walker says
Hi, loved you article, so informative thank you. I’m planning a small family reunion in Scotland over the Xmas period and visualised a snowy castle with big open fires and cosy sofas with plenty of walks nearby. Any suggestions? Thanks, RW.
Laurence Norah says
We’re big fans of Inverlochy Castle, which should fit the bill pretty well. It’s near Fort William and there are lots of walks as well as snowy mountains nearby.
Just be aware that most hotels over Christmas in Scotland will require booking well in advance, and will likely have a special package that will include a minimum number of nights stay 🙂
Have a wonderful trip!
Great article as always…..have to get back to Scotland soon!
Question: Where to stay…particularly up north? Do many places close for the season? Thanks
Laurence Norah says
Thanks very much! This is a great question 😀 So good that I’ve added a whole section to the post about it. You are correct though, many places do close for the season, although we have driven the northern parts of Scotland in February and have always found options. Some of the really nice hotels also do incredible deals at this time of year, so you can stay in luxury castle hotels at a fraction of the price that you would pay at the rest of the year 😀
Wow, very fast response! Thanks for the additional information…..